1 Undated Penny Token 32mm (15.16 grams) HTWSSTKS, Royal Arch acronym within masonic shape. ONE PENNY, Denomination encircled with text. HTWSSTKS is an acronym with connections to the Masonic Temple, specifically Royal Arch Masons. The letters stand for, Hiram, Tyrian, Widow's Son, Sent to King Solomon. Of course, now we're left wondering who the heck Hiram is!
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients. The degrees of freemasonry retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow (now called Fellowcraft), and Master Mason.These are the degrees offered by Craft (or Blue Lodge) Freemasonry. Members of these organisations are known as Freemasons or Masons. There are additional degrees, which vary with locality and jurisdiction, and are usually administered by different bodies than the craft degrees. The basic, local organisational unit of Freemasonry is the Lodge.
The Lodges are usually supervised and governed at the regional level (usually coterminous with either a state, province, or national border) by a Grand Lodge or Grand Orient. There is no international, worldwide Grand Lodge that supervises all of Freemasonry; each Grand Lodge is independent, and they do not necessarily recognise each other as being legitimate. Modern Freemasonry broadly consists of two main recognition groups. Regular Freemasonry insists that a volume of scripture is open in a working lodge, that every member profess belief in a Deity, that no women are admitted, and that the discussion of religion and politics is banned. Continental Freemasonry is now the general term for the "liberal" jurisdictions who have removed some, or all, of these restrictions.Originally warranted in 1757 by the Modern Grand Lodge of England, we recently celebrated the 250th Anniversary of our founding. Our Lodge maintains a strong and vibrant membership of all ages and walks of life, bound by a common tie of brotherhood and living our lives according to time-honored Masonic principles. Our Masonic Lodge in New York City meets on the third Wednesday of each month between September and May of each year in the Ionic Room on the 6th floor of Masonic Hall in Manhattan. With a strong emphasis on ritual excellence, Masonic education, spirituality and fraternity, St. 1 observes the traditional tenets of old-world Freemasonry in the context of 21st Century life.
World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method.
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