The stand is not for sale. Baudouin (in Dutch: Boudewijn; in German: Balduin), born September 7, 1930 at Stuyvenberg Castle and died July 31, 1993 in Motril, is the fifth king of the Belgians. He reigned from July 17, 1951 until his death.
Second child and first son of Leopold III and Queen Astrid1, he bore the title of Count of Hainaut while his father was still Duke of Brabant and then became Duke of Brabant upon the accession of Leopold III to the Belgian throne. He is the older brother and predecessor of King Albert II and the younger brother of Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte of Luxembourg1. His accession to the throne occurred in a period of political crisis and his long reign was marked by many others, one of which was the result of the public expression of his Catholic faith. His reign, of more than 42 years, is the second longest in the Belgian monarchy, after that of King Leopold II.Birth and family Prince Baudouin was born on September 7, 1930 at Stuyvenberg Castle, near Laeken, in Brussels, Belgium. He is the second child and eldest son of Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant, and his first wife, Astrid of Sweden. His paternal grandparents are the very popular King Albert I and Queen Elizabeth. Heir to the throne Portrait of Queen Astrid, mother of Baudouin. In 1934, his grandfather, a keen mountaineer, died tragically in a climbing accident in the Meuse valley.
His father then became king of the Belgians, under the name of Leopold III, and Baudouin thus became the heir to the crown. On this occasion, he received the title of Duke of Brabant. The following year, Baudouin's mother died in a car accident.Then World War II broke out. It is first experienced in a brief exodus.
It begins in La Panne2 and continues in France, at the Château de Montal, then, after the French defeat, in Spain because King Leopold III wanted to remove him, with his brother Albert and his sister Joséphine-Charlotte, from the the German invasion of Belgium by evacuating them under the leadership of trusted people, but without Juffrouw (Mademoiselle), the governess to whom Baudouin was particularly attached2. Baudouin and his younger brother, Albert, in 1940. Repatriated to Brussels, the royal children spent four years there during which the king's second wife, Lilian Baels, made Princess of Réthy, took affectionate care of them3 and ensured that they were given a life more in line with that of the children of the bourgeoisie. Necessary than the one their father, grandfather and great uncles had known.
Baudouin, whom she familiarly calls Baud3, studied either at the Château de Laeken or at the Château de Ciergnon. He was educated on the shores of Lake Geneva at the Institut Le Rosey in Rolle in (Switzerland)4. His education during this period was supervised by the Dominican Father Antoine Braun5 who later became his chaplain. Just after the landing, the royal family, which had grown with the birth of Alexander of Belgium, was taken by the Nazis to Germany in the fortress of Hirschstein, then to Austria, to Strobl, where they were liberated on May 7 1945 by American troops. Then begins the "royal question".Baudouin attended the Collège de Genève (today known as Collège Calvin); he accompanied his father and stepmother on a major trip to the United States in 19482. King of the Belgians The Royal Question Related article: Royal question. A bust of the young King Baudouin6. Pending the end of the debates, Prince Charles-Theodore, brother of Leopold III, is appointed Regent of the kingdom until further notice. In 1950, after the popular consultation which gave very different results in Flanders and Wallonia or, more precisely, between urban or rural electoral districts. Faced with the violence between "Leopoldists" and "anti-Leopoldists" and following the shooting at Grâce-Berleur, the king, returning to the country with his two eldest sons, had Baudouin named "Royal Prince" on August 11, 1950. Which corresponds to a delegation of powers. In fact, a regency and the title of regent were impossible since the law on the end of the impossibility of reigning by King Leopold III had been passed by the Chambers. The prince takes an oath to respect the Constitution and the laws of the Belgian people before the assembled Chambers.
It was during this ceremony that the cry Long live the Republic! » attributed to Julien Lahaut who was assassinated seven days later. Accession to the throne Following the abdication of his father on July 16, 1951, Baudouin, according to the Major Constitution, became the fifth king of the Belgians on July 17, 1951, at a time when the second school war was raging.
Start of reign For more than 10 years, the young king suffered the strong political influence of his father and his mother-in-law, going so far as to refuse to shake the hands of those who, like Hubert Pierlot, had opposed Leopold III during the war7,8. A year after his marriage, Baudouin chose to move away; he only met his father and stepmother on rare occasions, notably after the death of Queen Elizabeth in 19653. Black-and-white photo; the king and queen, wearing hats and carrying a bouquet of flowers, are particularly smiling. The Queen accompanying the King on a trip to GermanyNational funeral The funeral took place on August 7, 1993 in the Cathedral of Saints-Michel-et-Gudule in Brussels during a celebration of glory and hope requested by his wife, who attended dressed in white, the color of the resurrection and color mourning of Catholic queens. The ceremony is broadcast live on a giant screen installed on the Grand-Place in Brussels and by numerous television stations around the world.
It brings together a large number of heads of state from around the world: from Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom to Emperor Akihito of Japan, including French President François Mitterrand. A second service is celebrated for the family in the Notre-Dame church in Laeken before the body is lowered into the royal crypt to rest near the previous Belgian kings and queens. National mourning ended on August 9, 1993, after Albert II took the constitutional oath. For a few weeks, Belgians found themselves united by the disappearance of a man symbolic representative of the collective consciousness and identity of Belgium13. » In December 2005, he was elected 2nd greatest Belgian of all time by the RTBF public.
A long reign King Baudouin (right) with Heinz Kühn visiting Düsseldorf at Benrath Castle (1971) - photo: German Federal Archives. Belgium is a parliamentary monarchy. The Constitution gives the king the power to refuse to validate a law.
The king can only publicly express an opinion with the agreement of the government. He appoints and dismisses ministers; even if it requires the approval of at least one minister and a vote of confidence from parliament, this allows it to play a major role after each election and during ministerial crises.
King Baudouin had a certain influence on the governments that succeeded one another during his forty-two years of reign. King Baudouin acquired experience superior to that of many ministers in the compromise governments that succeeded one another during his long reign, many of whom only remained ministers for a few years while Baudouin reigned for 42 years. This reign constitutes, for the Belgian state, a cornerstone which allows the king to have ascendancy over his ministers, even to "royally soap their ears"14.It constitutionally defends the unity of Belgium14, but cannot prevent quarrels between four linguistic regions and between three communities. Under his reign, from reform to reform of the State, Belgium became a federal state. On the international level, the reign was marked by the creation of the ECSC in 1951 and the European Economic Community in 1957, the Universal Exhibition in Brussels in 1958 and by the independence of the Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi. Beyond the appearance of reserve required by his status, King Baudouin is very concerned about understanding between men and peoples. His numerous official visits abroad, as well as the numerous official visitors he receives during his reign, are an opportunity for him to reveal a height of vision and a political talent that many of his interlocutors discover with astonishment and to which they will testify. Upon the announcement of his deathref. The Belgian Congo In 1955, warmly welcomed by the local populations, Baudouin made a triumphant tour of the Belgian Congo, visiting all the regions of a colony which was then at its peakref.
Necessary but where desire for autonomy manifests itself. In 1959, four years after this trip which did not bring any fundamental change in Belgian-Congolese policy15, he had to announce the Government's intention to grant independence to the Congo.On June 30, 1960, the monarch attended the transfer of powers in Léopoldville and delivered a speech perceived internationally as ignoring the atrocities committed during the period of Belgian management and as glorifying the Belgian colonial work16. Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba responded with a speech, very critical of colonization, which would be described as insulting or venomous in Belgium and abroad17. It begins in La Panne2 and continues in France, at the Château de Montal, then, after the French defeat, in Spain because King Leopold III wanted to remove him, with his brother Albert and his sister Joséphine-Charlotte, from the the German invasion of Belgium by evacuating them under the leadership of trusted people, but without Juffrouw (Mademoiselle), the governess to wh.